Around 1900, the American architect Frank Lloyd Wright (1867 - 1959) designed a new type of house – known as the 'Prairie House'. It was total design built of natural materials and with innovatively open rooms, allowing the building and the interior to melt together.
Wright wanted to accentuate the greatness and natural beauty of the prairie by using organic architecture where the building emerges from the landscape and the space emerges from the building. Wright wanted to create the most comfortable environment possible by combining functional design with a social ambition to create contact between people.
He explored geometric shapes and his sense for spaciousness and light ensured functional and visual connection between his buildings and furniture. This may for instance be seen at Imperial Hotel in Tokyo from 1922. Wright founded a new type of liberated architecture. He was a humanist, and his great pioneering work with organic shapes still has an influence on new design.